Chapter 5: Key Laws in Healthcare Compliance

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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996

Fast Facts

Title of law: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)

Category: Privacy

Public law: Pub. L. 104–191

Year enacted: 1996

Major amendments: HIPAA Privacy Rule (2003); HIPAA Security Rule (2005); Enforcement Rule (2006); Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (2009); Omnibus Final Rule (2013)

Enforcement agency: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) Office for Civil Rights (OCR)

Link to full text of law:https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/PLAW-104publ191/pdf/PLAW-104publ191.pdf

Applies to: All health plans, healthcare clearinghouses, healthcare providers, and endorsed sponsors of the Medicare prescription drug discount card, including business associations that supply services and certain functions for covered entities that have access to personal health information.

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