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US uses legislative tools to maintain pressure on China

The United States Congress recently reviewed three separate pieces of legislation targeting China’s treatment of Uyghurs in the northwestern province of Xinjiang and pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019,[1] the PROTECT Hong Kong Act[2] and the Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act[3] are all close to reaching the desk of U.S. President Donald Trump, who could choose to veto them or sign them into law.

All three bills threaten sanctions against individuals and entities that are found to have violated the human rights of Uyghurs and Hong Kong residents. The pressure comes as President Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping seek an end to a trade war that has disrupted supply chains and markets across the world. President Trump announced[4] in October that “Phase 1” of a deal could have been reached by the end of 2019, but recent statements to the media suggest that a deal may not be reached until after the 2020 elections in the U.S.

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