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ESG has always been in the compliance wheelhouse

Lisa Beth Lentini Walker ( is the CEO of Lumen Worldwide Endeavors in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. 

Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) concerns make up a broad area of investor and stakeholder interest. There are many different specific definitions, but generally:

  • “E” covers a wide spectrum of environmental initiatives aimed at minimizing an entity’s harm to the environment, including climate change, pollution, deforestation, and greenhouse gas emissions; doing business with ecofriendly practices in mind, such as having energy efficiencies and goals; and practicing pollution mitigation, waste management, and water usage reduction.

  • “S” focuses on the many aspects of social interactions and human capital, including justice, equity, diversity, and inclusion; compliance and ethics matters, including reporting hotlines, labor standards, wages, and benefits; workplace and board diversity; racial, social, and organizational justice; and stakeholder and community relations.

  • “G” is the governance and oversight of this area, like board composition and structure, oversight and compliance, executive compensation, political contributions and lobbying, and bribery and corruption.

Prior to 2019, the general thought was that a company’s primary purpose was to make money for its shareholders, but interest in ESG matters on the part of investors and other corporate stakeholders has intensified, and the current economic, public health, and social justice crises have made this focus acute. ESG is now a critical way in which companies are being evaluated beyond the financial reports.

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